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iPass Reports Second Quarter 2017 Financial Results
  • Q2'17 revenue of $13.5 million; Q2'17 GAAP net loss of $5.3 million
  • Usage from Unlimited and Strategic Partnerships increased to 61% of total hours consumed as hours grew 10% over Q1’17

REDWOOD SHORES, Calif., Aug. 02, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- iPass Inc. (NASDAQ:IPAS), a leading provider of global mobile connectivity, reported total revenue of $13.5 million, GAAP net loss of $5.3 million, and Adjusted EBITDA loss of $4.4 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2017.

"Two years ago we started the transformation of iPass from a reseller of Wi-Fi to a software and technology company.  While continuing to achieve progress toward our strategy and goals in the longer term, our performance in the second quarter was disappointing, reflecting delays in execution and timing driven by three significant factors that impacted revenue,” said Gary Griffiths, president and CEO.

"First, we learned that when it comes to the iPass SmartConnect software development kit (SDK), one size doesn’t fit all.  As we noted last quarter, we were managing integration and deployment of the SDK with more than a dozen partners in as many countries around the world.  We simply did not have sufficient technical support and engineering resources in-country to address disparate requirements that emerged during these rollouts.  As a result, while some deployments proceeded as planned, others were delayed, necessitating pushes in revenue."

"Second, our larger strategic partners, many of whom depended on our SDK being fully implemented, have required longer than anticipated evaluation and deployment cycles, delaying revenue."

"And third, the usage and resultant revenue our legacy pay-per-use customers declined more rapidly than anticipated, driven by unlimited cellular data plans, the “WannaCry” virus, and other external factors.  While usage from our new Unlimited and Strategic Partners rose sharply in the same period, decline in usage-based accounts resulted on lower overall revenue."

Quarterly Metrics

  • Unlimited and Strategic Partner revenue combined was $4.5 million for Q2’17, compared to $4.8 million in Q1’17 and $4.0 million for Q2’16.  For the six months ended June 30, this revenue was $9.3 million for 2017 and $6.7 million for 2016. Average monthly hours consumed for Unlimited and Strategic Partner customers was 521,000 for Q2’17, compared to 407,000 for Q1’17 and 231,000 for Q2’16.  As a percentage of total hours consumed, Unlimited and Strategic Partner customers accounted for 61% of Q2’17, 53% of Q1’17, and 34% of Q2’16 total hours consumed.

  • Backlog Conversion, which tracks the recognition of revenue from ACV closed in the prior year, was $0.6 million incremental in Q2’17, compared to an expected $1.7 million increment for the quarter.

  • Annual Contract Value (ACV), defined as the annualized sales value under committed contract for newly acquired or significant upsell customers signed, in Q2'17 totaled ($1.0) million net.  This reflects $0.9 million of new ACV in Q2’17, offset by a ($0.5) million reversal for partners that failed to pay outstanding invoices resulting in termination of their contracts and a ($1.4) million write-down to annual realizable-value based on delays in partner ramps.  ACV was $0.8 million for Q1’17 and $2.3 million for Q2’16.

  • Install Base, defined as existing enterprise and strategic partner customers, continued to underperform expectations.  While hours consumed in total increased 10% over Q1’17 to 848,000 average hours per month, reflecting usage growth from Unlimited and Strategic Partner customers; users, usage, and revenue from pay-per-use customers continued to decline.

  • Customer Churn, defined as the annualized impact on revenue based on the prior quarter run-rate of any customer that terminates or has write-down of committed contract value, was $2.1 million in Q2'17, compared to $1.2 million for Q1’17 and $2.9 million for Q2'16.

Financial Outlook

"While there was no single issue that impacted our financial shortfall, the slowdown in the uptake of our new technology, combined with erosion of the pay-per-use business, has delayed our turnaround; as a result, we are revising annual guidance." continued Mr. Griffiths.

“That said, and while not publicly apparent, we've made material progress with iPass SmartConnect with a number of key partners that will be evident in the coming months.  Specifically, we are solving problems for mobile carriers. The strain put on these carriers by unlimited cellular data plans in a fixed-capacity spectrum has made the need for intelligent connection management more critical than ever. Further, when coupled with our new Veri-Fi big data product, we can help our partners more efficiently use and deploy available bandwidth, both Wi-Fi and cellular. Although the changes required in the connection management architecture of MNOs and MVNOs has been justifiably measured and gradual, make no mistake that it is coming.”

Financial Guidance

As of May 3, 2017, management had expected total revenue to range between $69.0 million and $73.0 million and Adjusted EBITDA Loss to range between $4.5 million and $2.0 million. Management is updating guidance for full year 2017 as follows:

  Total Revenue     Approx. $54 million
  Adjusted EBITDA  Loss (1)     Approx. ($11) million
(1)  A reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA loss to GAAP net loss is provided in the attached schedules. The accompanying guidance for Adjusted EBITDA loss excludes foreign exchange gain or loss estimates.

Selected Financial Results

  Three Months Ended
  June 30,
  March 31,
  June 30,
(unaudited; in millions)  
Revenue Mobile Connectivity Services $ 13.5     $ 14.3     $ 16.5  
Enterprise 10.8     11.3     12.9  
Unlimited Customers 2.2     2.2     1.0  
Other Pricing Plan Customers 8.6     9.1     11.9  
Strategic Partnerships 2.3     2.6     3.0  
Legacy iPC 0.4     0.4     0.6  
Network Access Costs 9.6     9.6     8.5  
Gross Margin (1) 17.5 %   21.2 %   37.9 %
Network Operations Expense 1.5     1.7     1.8  
R&D, S&M, and G&A Expense 7.3     7.2     7.4  
Restructuring Expense          
Total Operating Expenses 8.8     8.9     9.2  
Other Expense (0.4 )   (0.1 )   (0.2 )
GAAP Total Net Loss (5.3 )   (4.3 )   (1.4 )
Adjusted EBITDA Loss (2) (4.4 )   (3.4 )   (0.3 )
  As of
  June 30,
  March 31,
  June 30,
Shares of Common Stock Outstanding at Period End 66.7     66.4     65.4  
Cash and Cash Equivalents $ 10.4     $ 13.5     $ 16.1  
Deferred Revenue (Short-term plus Long-term) $ 2.9     $ 3.2     $ 2.3  
(1)  Gross Margin is defined as Total Revenue less Network Access Costs less Network Operations Expense divided by Total Revenue.
(2)  See “Information Regarding Non-GAAP Financial and Operational Measures” for a definition of iPass Adjusted EBITDA.

Key Operating Metrics

iPass tracks key metrics to evaluate operating performance. Wi-Fi Network Users (Enterprise and Strategic Partnerships) is the number of iPass platform users each month in a given quarter that used Wi-Fi network services from iPass.  Active Platform Users is the number of users who were billed platform fees and who have used or deployed the platform during the period. This metric excludes UNLIMITED subscribers unless they have actively accessed network during the period. ACV represents the annualized sales value committed under contract for newly acquired customers or significant upsell, in total across Enterprise and Strategic Partnerships. This metric is reported net, meaning any reversals of prior period reported ACV due to collections issues, early account terminations, or significant delays in launches are subtracted from current period newly closed ACV.  Network hours consumed represents the average monthly number of hours used by our customers during the period, reported by customer segment; Unlimited and Strategic Partnerships versus all other pricing plan customers.

  For the Quarter Ended
 (in thousands) June 30,
  March 31,
  December 31,
  September 30,
  June 30,
Wi-Fi Network Users:                  
Enterprise 74     76     81     77     83  
Strategic Partnerships 65     48     47     56     42  
Total Wi-Fi Network Users 139     124     128     133     125  
Total Active Platform Users 786     752     732     738     794  
Network Hours Consumed                  
Unlimited and Strategic Partnerships 521     407     402     371     231  
Other Pricing Plans 327     363     393     383     447  
Total Network Hours Consumed 848     770     795     754     678  
Annual Contract Value $ (991 )   $ 780     $ 4,771     $ 3,667     $ 2,287  

Conference Call

iPass will host a live conference call today at 2:00 p.m. Pacific time (5:00 p.m. Eastern time). To join the call, please dial-in 10 minutes in advance: toll-free at 1-800-210-9006 or direct at 1-719-457-2080 with a participant confirmation code of 1657315. The conference call will also be available live via webcast on the company’s web site at The webcast replay will be available until iPass reports its third quarter 2017 results.

The telephone replay dial-in numbers are 1-866-375-1919 and 1-719-457-0820 and will be available until August 11, 2017, 5:00 p.m. Pacific time. The confirmation code for the replay is 1657315.

Forward-Looking Statements

The statements in this press release: that although the changes required in the connection management architecture of MNOs and MVNOs has been justifiably measured and gradual, make no mistake that it is coming, statements under the caption "Financial Outlook" and "Financial Guidance" are forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ materially from the expectations contained in these statements due to a number of risks and uncertainties, including the following: the risk that consumers and customers will not perceive the benefits of the iPass UNLIMITED, iPass EVERYWHERE and iPass INVISIBLE initiatives to be as iPass expects; the risk that iPass will not be able to achieve the cost savings that iPass currently expects; the risk that the “End of Life” of iPass’ legacy Mobile Office product may negatively impact customer retention and mobility revenues more than iPass expects; the risk that the iPass solution will not continue to achieve the market acceptance iPass expects; the risk of material reductions in iPass customers’ existing minimum commitments more than iPass currently expects; the risk that iPass does not accurately predict usage for its Enterprise flat rate price plans which could result in iPass expenses exceeding revenues for these plans; the risk that iPass customers do not widely deploy iPass Open Mobile on smartphones, tablets and other mobile handheld devices at the rate iPass expects; the risk that demand for Mobility Services does not grow as iPass expects; the risk that strong competition in the market for Mobility Services could reduce demand for iPass’ services; the risk that a meaningful portion of iPass business is international, which subjects iPass to additional risks such as currency fluctuations; and the risk that iPass may require additional capital to support the business growth, and such capital may not be available. Detailed information about these and other risk factors that could potentially affect iPass’ business, financial condition and results of operations are included in iPass’ Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 14, 2017, and available at its Web site at and the company’s website at iPass undertakes no responsibility to update the information in this press release if any forward-looking statement later turns out to be an inaccurate prediction of the actual results.

In addition, investors and others should note that iPass announces material financial information to its investors using its investor relations website, SEC filings, press releases, public conference calls and webcasts. iPass also uses social media to communicate with its customers and the public about iPass, its products and services and other matters relating to its business and market. It is possible that the information iPass posts on social media could be deemed to be material information. Therefore, iPass encourages investors, the media, and others interested in iPass to review the information it posts on U.S. social media channels including the iPass Twitter Feed, the iPass LinkedIn Feed, the iPass Google+ Feed, the iPass Facebook Page, the iPass Blog, and the iPass Instagram account. These social media channels may be updated from time to time.

Information Regarding Non-GAAP Financial and Operational Measures

This press release also contains financial measures that are not calculated in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). iPass considers Adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental measure of the company’s performance that is not required by, nor presented in accordance with GAAP.

The company defines Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) before interest, income taxes, depreciation, stock-based compensation, nonrecurring legal costs, and restructuring charges. The company believes Adjusted EBITDA provides a meaningful comparison between its core operating results, on a consistent basis, over different periods of time. Accordingly, management uses this financial measure for evaluating and making operating decisions and for purposes of comparison with its strategic plan, operating budgets and allocation of resources.

Furthermore, iPass believes the use of Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors:

  1. To provide an additional analytical tool for understanding the company’s financial performance by excluding the impact of items which may obscure trends in the core operating performance of the business;
  2. To provide consistency and enhance investors’ ability to compare the company’s performance across financial reporting periods; and
  3. To facilitate comparisons to the operating results of other companies in the company’s industry, which may use similar financial measures to supplement their GAAP results.

Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation, or construed as an alternative to net income, or any other performance measure derived in accordance with GAAP, or as an alternative to cash flow from operating activities or as a measure of the company's liquidity. In addition, other companies may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently than iPass does, which would limit its usefulness in comparing iPass’ financial results with those of such other companies.

The company defines a key operating metric, ACV, as the annualized sales value committed under contract for newly acquired customers or significant upsell, in total across the Enterprise and Strategic Partnership go-to-market strategies, in the period. Because ACV is not an alternative measure for GAAP revenue, but only an operational metric to provide insight on the health and progress of the sales pipeline and revised go-to-market strategy, the signing of committed contract value should not be assumed to have met the entire revenue recognition criteria. For example, while persuasive evidence of an arrangement always exist before reporting ACV, service may not yet have been provided to the customer or collections may not yet be determined to be reasonably assured. The company makes reasonable efforts to substantiate the viability of all reported ACV, but future events could change that conclusion.  As an example, when a previously reported ACV customer fails to perform under the committed contract, such remaining calculated ACV will be reversed in the current period reported ACV.

About iPass Inc.

iPass (NASDAQ:IPAS) is a leading provider of global mobile connectivity, offering simple, secure, always-on Wi-Fi access on any mobile device. Built on a software-as-a-service (SaaS) platform, the iPass cloud-based service keeps its customers connected by providing unlimited Wi-Fi connectivity on unlimited devices. iPass is the world’s largest Wi-Fi network, with more than 60 million hotspots in more than 120 countries, at airports, hotels, train stations, convention centers, outdoor venues, inflight, and more. Using patented technology, the iPass SmartConnectTM platform takes the guesswork out of Wi-Fi, automatically connecting customers to the best hotspot for their needs. Customers simply download the iPass app to experience unlimited, everywhere, and invisible Wi-Fi.

iPass® is a registered trademark of iPass Inc. Wi-Fi® is a registered trademark of the Wi-Fi Alliance. All other trademarks are owned by their respective owners.

(Unaudited; in thousands)
  June 30, 2017   December 31, 2016
Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 10,368     $ 16,072  
Accounts receivable, net 9,444     12,361  
Prepaid expenses 1,693     1,344  
Other current assets 134     225  
Total current assets 21,639     30,002  
Property and equipment, net 1,904     2,485  
Other assets 712     688  
Total assets $ 24,255     $ 33,175  
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity      
Current liabilities:      
Accounts payable $ 6,909     $ 7,069  
Accrued liabilities 3,457     3,874  
Deferred revenue, short-term 2,738     2,412  
Total current liabilities 13,104     13,355  
Deferred revenue, long-term 121     67  
Other long-term liabilities 1,028     1,123  
Total liabilities 14,253     14,545  
Stockholders’ equity:      
Common stock 68     68  
Additional paid-in capital 224,733     223,777  
Accumulated deficit (214,799 )   (205,215 )
Total stockholders’ equity 10,002     18,630  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 24,255     $ 33,175  

(Unaudited; in thousands, except share and per share data)
  Three Months Ended
 June 30,
  Six Months Ended
 June 30,
  2017   2016   2017   2016  
Revenue $ 13,474     $ 16,497     $ 27,760     $ 31,228    
Cost of revenue and operating expenses:                
Network access costs 9,598     8,466     19,157     15,908    
Network operations 1,514     1,780     3,206     3,878    
Research and development 2,137     1,762     4,111     3,902    
Sales and marketing 2,615     2,895     5,069     5,732    
General and administrative 2,546     2,765     5,318     5,755    
Restructuring charges and related adjustments     30         788    
Total cost of revenue and operating expenses 18,410     17,698     36,861     35,963    
Operating loss (4,936 )   (1,201 )   (9,101 )   (4,735 )  
Interest income, net 14     6     28     11    
Foreign exchange loss, net (129 )   (120 )   (179 )   (230 )  
Loss before income taxes (5,051 )   (1,315 )   (9,252 )   (4,954 )  
Provision for income taxes 217     62     332     153    
Net loss (5,268 )   (1,377 )   $ (9,584 )   $ (5,107 )  
Comprehensive loss $ (5,268 )   $ (1,377 )   $ (9,584 )   $ (5,107 )  
Net loss per share - basic and diluted                
Net loss per share $ (0.08 )   $ (0.02 )   $ (0.15 )   $ (0.08 )  
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic and diluted
65,667,559     63,452,673     65,616,234     63,430,412    

(Unaudited; in thousands)
  Six months ended June 30,
  2017   2016
Cash flows from operating activities:      
Net loss $ (9,584 )   $ (5,107 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:      
Stock-based compensation expense 693     492  
Depreciation and amortization 796     1,371  
Provision for doubtful accounts 110     36  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:      
Accounts receivable 2,807     (1,736 )
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (258 )   1,264  
Other assets (24 )   (18 )
Accounts payable 62     531  
Accrued liabilities (417 )   (774 )
Deferred revenue 380     (252 )
Other liabilities (95 )   45  
Net cash used in operating activities (5,530 )   (4,148 )
Cash flows from investing activities:      
Purchases of property and equipment (437 )   (131 )
Net cash used in investing activities (437 )   (131 )
Cash flows from financing activities:      
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock 263     1,035  
Principal payments for vendor financed property and equipment     (567 )
Stock repurchase     (345 )
Net cash provided by financing activities 263     123  
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents (5,704 )   (4,156 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 16,072     20,294  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 10,368     $ 16,138  
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:      
Net cash paid for taxes $ 116     $ 108  
Accrued amounts for acquisition of property and equipment $ 151     $ 11  

(Unaudited, in thousands)
  Three Months Ended
  June 30,
  March 31,
  June 30,
GAAP Net loss $ (5,268 )   $ (4,315 )   $ (1,377 )
Interest income (14 )   (14 )   (6 )
Income tax expense 217     115     62  
Depreciation of property and equipment 342     454     665  
Stock-based compensation expense 343     350     304  
Restructuring charges and related adjustments         30  
Nonrecurring legal costs 20          
Adjusted EBITDA loss $ (4,360 )   $ (3,410 )   $ (322 )

    Reconciliation of 2017 Guidance Adjusted EBITDA Loss to Total GAAP Net Loss                
    Full Year 2017     (Unaudited; in millions)      
    GAAP Net Loss     $ (14.4 )          
    (a) Income tax expense         $ 0.6        
    (b) Depreciation of property and equipment         1.4        
    (c) Stock-based compensation expense         1.4        
    Adjusted EBITDA Loss (1)     $ (11.0 )          
    (1)  The guidance for Adjusted EBITDA loss excluded foreign exchange gain or loss estimates.


IR Contact: Kirsten Chapman / Becky Herrick, LHA Investor Relations, 415-433-3777,

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